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To: gentoo-desktop@g.o
From: Duncan <1i5t5.duncan@...>
Subject: Re: Backup
Date: Sat, 13 Nov 2004 04:13:17 -0700
Ron Petch posted <41965D90.5030404@...>, excerpted below,
on Sat, 13 Nov 2004 19:16:32 +0000:

> Any simple suggestion as to how to backup Gentoo? A complete tar bz2
> gives about 2.5Gb. What are the essentials to avoid having to go through
> the whole compilation sequence?

If your objective is simply to avoid the recompilation, not to save any
customized configuration, use portages binary package feature.  First,
quickpkg every package currently installed (here, I whipped up a little
script that went thru /var/db/pkg (the portage 2.0.51 location) and
ran quickpkg for each file), to get your current base, then add buildpkg
to your FEATURES line in make.conf.  That way, every package you emerge
will automatically have a binary package created in the process.  (With
buildpkg, emerge actually creates the binary package, then merges it
instead of doing a qmerge from the temp install dir.  That way, it tests
each binary package as it's created so it's known to work when needed
later.)

Binary packages are stored in the $PKGDIR location as in make.conf, by
default /usr/portage/package or some such (mine isn't the default), so
ensure you have plenty of room in that partition, or remap it elsewhere by
setting that variable.

Binary packages can be emerged using the -k or -K switches.  (-k uses a
binary package if it exists, doing a source emerge if not, while -K uses
ONLY binary packages, using an older one if a new one isn't available yet,
or yielding an error if there's NO qualifying binary package.)

Here, for backup, I actually have four installations, a "working"
installation, and a backup, on two drives, a "working" drive and a backup.
On each drive, I have duplicate root and /usr partitions, such that if the
working partition fails due to a bad update or something, I simply reboot
and hand LILO (which I use rather than GRUB) the root=/dev/hda3 parameter
instead of letting it use the default hda2.  For /usr, I can just umount
the failed /usr and mount the backup, if necessary.

If the drive fails, or the master boot record gets screwed so it won't
boot, I set my BIOS to boot the other drive, which again has a working and
a backup partition for both root and /usr.

Every so often, when the system is stable, I mirror off my root and /usr
partitions to the backup copy.  Once or twice a year or if I change file
system formats (as I'll likely be doing in a few months when I switch from
reiserfs to reiser4), I back up a known stable installation to the working
and backup partitions on the backup drive.

That's in addition to keeping a copy of my portage partitions (separate
partitions for portage, packages, and sources) on each drive, such that I
should be able to rebuild from binary packages for the most part, if
necessary, as well as copies of /var, /usr/local/ and /home, on each
drive.  These, however, I only have two copies of, one on the working
drive one on the backup, as I don't actually /have/ to have that data to
get operational enough to recover it.  

Oh, I actually have eight copies of my partition tables and fstabs, two
each on each of the four root partitions.

-- 
Duncan - List replies preferred.   No HTML msgs.
"They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little
temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." --
Benjamin Franklin



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Replies:
Re: Re: Backup
-- Hector Pizarro
References:
Backup
-- Ron Petch
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Updated Jun 17, 2009

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