Gentoo Archives: gentoo-gwn

From: Ulrich Plate <plate@g.o>
To: gentoo-gwn@l.g.o
Subject: [gentoo-gwn] Gentoo Weekly Newsletter 12 September 2005
Date: Mon, 12 Sep 2005 00:28:39
Gentoo Weekly Newsletter
This is the Gentoo Weekly Newsletter for the week of 12 September 2005.
1. Gentoo news
Major package updates for Apache
The Gentoo Apache Team is pleased to announce the stabilizing of package 
updates that have been in the works for over a year. Some of the major 
changes include: 
 * New configuration and configuration locations to more closely match 
upstream and reduce confusion for users coming from other distributions.  
 * Modules now use a centralized eclass that builds, installs, and 
displays standard information on enabling the module. This allows easier 
maintenance of existing modules, and allows us to more rapidly develop 
ebuilds for modules that are not yet in the tree.  
 * Expanded USE flags to let you choose which MPM is compiled.  
 * A new gentoo-webroot that will eventually provide a gentoo-themed 
icon-set, error documents, and default website. This has been put in it's 
own package, and includes a USE-flag to not install the gentoo-webroot 
into /var/www/localhost - useful if you put your own website there.  
 * And much more, including the fixing of many many bugs.  
These changes will stabilized on Sunday, September 18th. These changes 
have been throughly tested and given a thumbs up by many many users. They 
also allow you to use the new php (including support for php5) ebuilds 
when they become fully available. 
Because of these changes and improvements, when you upgrade to the new 
revision of Apache, you will need to take care of some things. These are 
fully documented in our Upgrading Apache document [1], but in summary, 
this is what you will need to do: 
 * Merge any customizations that you have made to the Apache configuration 
into the new configuration at /etc/apache2/httpd.conf (The configuration 
file location has changed). Note that the init script for apache checks 
for a configuration in the old location and refuses to start if you 
haven't moved/removed it - this is to avoid the possibility of moving to a 
configuration that isn't right for your machine.  
 * Update any modules that you used to revisions that support the new 
eclass. Older modules will not work due to location changes.  
 * Restart Apache   
We have done our best to make it easy to migrate, but if you have 
problems, feel free to visit us in #gentoo-apache on or 
on our mailing list gentoo-web-user@g.o and we'll be glad to help. 
2. Heard in the community
USE="minimal" for kernel sources
The kernel sources are rather large, but carry "unneeded" things like 
assembler sources for all arches you don't have. So why not strip down the 
kernel sources to be as small as possible, saving important diskspace in 
the process? This thread discusses why Gentoo won't offer such a kernel 
and why it's in general a bad idea to strip down the kernel sources. 
 * USE="minimal" for kernel sources [1] 
[Summary] tentative x86 arch team glep
Chris White[2] has done it again and offers a summary of one of those 
horrifically long threads that make reading the -dev mailinglist so 
time-consuming. Thanks Chris! 
 2. chriswhite@g.o
 *  [Summary] tentative x86 arch team glep[3] 
3. Gentoo in the press
ComputerWorld (9 September 2005)
"One of the open-source movement's most visible boosters" Eric S. 
Raymond[4] seems to have had a narrow escape from being lured into the 
same sort of position that Gentoo founder Daniel Robbins now occupies with 
Microsoft, writes Robert McMillan in a ComputerWorld article[5]. Given the 
fact that the publisher of the Halloween documents might feel more than 
just a little out of place at the company he's been fighting quite eagerly 
for years, it may have been oversight on behalf of a recruiter who just 
didn't know exactly who he was trying to hire... 
REBOL website (9 September 2005)
Carl Sassenroth, head of REBOL Technologies, has extended the reach of his 
programming language/operating environment to a new platform, as he 
explains in a short notice about REBOL for Linux on PPC[6], tested on the 
PegasosPPC[7] in both Gentoo and Debian Linux, and ready for download to 
whoever would like to try it out. 
4. Tips and tricks
Tweaking kernel options yet some more
Remember our rather concise tip about the search function[8] in the 
kernel's make menuconfig last week? A related tip is particularly helpful 
whenever you're trying to do something like eradicate an unknown 
dependency. For example, let's say that you want to change your kernel 
configuration from modular to monolithic. But when you try to make that 
change, it is blocked because there are still features marked "M" 
An easy way to hunt these hidden dependencies down is to "Save 
Configuration to an Alternate File" first, picking something like (i.e. just type ".now" enter). Next, jump to another console 
and look at the file: 
| Code Listing 4.1:                                                       |
| Read the config file                                                    |
|                                                                         |
|less /usr/src/kernel/                                         |
|                                                                         |
Now have a look at the real product of menuconfig. Just search: 
| Code Listing 4.2:                                                       |
| Search for modular options                                              |
|                                                                         |
|/=m                                                                      |
|                                                                         |
Once you've found where the offending area is, you can go back to make 
menuconfig and use last week's tip to search for its location in the 
hierarchy (if it's still not clear). 
This tip is especially handy when trying to create a minimal system and 
you find that the kernel has been packed full of support for obsolete 
hardware that escaped your first review. By searching through the .config 
file while using menuconfig, you can really expand on its capabilities. 
5. Moves, adds, and changes
The following developers recently left the Gentoo team: 
 * None this week 
The following developers recently joined the Gentoo Linux team: 
 * Matti Bickel (mabi) - Arch tester for PPC 
 * Christian Hartmann (ian) - Official staff (Global forums moderator) 
 * Mauricio Lima Pilla (pilla) - Official staff (Global forums moderator) 
The following developers recently changed roles within the Gentoo Linux 
 * None this week 
6. Gentoo Security
OpenTTD: Format string vulnerabilities
OpenTTD is vulnerable to format string vulnerabilities which may result in 
remote execution of arbitrary code. 
For more information, please see the GLSA Announcement[9] 
phpLDAPadmin: Authentication bypass
A flaw in phpLDAPadmin may allow attackers to bypass security restrictions 
and connect anonymously. 
For more information, please see the GLSA Announcement[10] 
Net-SNMP: Insecure RPATH
The Gentoo Net-SNMP package may provide Perl modules containing an 
insecure DT_RPATH, potentially allowing privilege escalation. 
For more information, please see the GLSA Announcement[11] 
Squid: Denial of Service vulnerabilities
Squid contains several bugs when handling certain malformed requests 
resulting in a Denial of Service. 
For more information, please see the GLSA Announcement[12] 
7. Bugzilla
 * Statistics 
 * Closed bug ranking 
 * New bug rankings 
The Gentoo community uses Bugzilla ([13]) to record and 
track bugs, notifications, suggestions and other interactions with the 
development team. Between 04 September 2005 and 11 September 2005, 
activity on the site has resulted in: 
 * 794 new bugs during this period 
 * 386 bugs closed or resolved during this period 
 * 29 previously closed bugs were reopened this period 
Of the 8269 currently open bugs: 97 are labeled 'blocker', 198 are labeled 
'critical', and 543 are labeled 'major'. 
Closed bug rankings
The developers and teams who have closed the most bugs during this period 
 * AMD64 Porting Team[14], with 47 closed bugs[15]  
 * Java team[16], with 23 closed bugs[17]  
 * Gentoo Linux Gnome Desktop Team[18], with 18 closed bugs[19]  
 * Gentoo Games[20], with 14 closed bugs[21]  
 * Shyam Mani[22], with 11 closed bugs[23]  
 * Gentoo X-windows packagers[24], with 10 closed bugs[25]  
 * ppc64 architecture team[26], with 10 closed bugs[27]  
 * PHP Bugs[28], with 10 closed bugs[29]  
 14. amd64@g.o
 16. java@g.o
 18. gnome@g.o
 20. games@g.o
 22. fox2mike@g.o
 24. x11@g.o
 26. ppc64@g.o
 28. php-bugs@g.o
New bug rankings
The developers and teams who have been assigned the most new bugs during 
this period are: 
 * Elfyn McBratney[30], with 56 new bugs[31]  
 * Default Assignee for New Packages[32], with 44 new bugs[33]  
 * Perl Ebuild Requests[34], with 24 new bugs[35]  
 * Gentoo Sound Team[36], with 9 new bugs[37]  
 * Qmail Team[38], with 8 new bugs[39]  
 * Default Assignee for Orphaned Packages[40], with 8 new bugs[41]  
 * AMD64 Porting Team[42], with 7 new bugs[43]  
 * Gentoo Toolchain Maintainers[44], with 6 new bugs[45]  
 30. beu@g.o
 32. maintainer-wanted@g.o
 34. perl-request@g.o
 36. sound@g.o
 38. qmail-bugs@g.o
 40. maintainer-needed@g.o
 42. amd64@g.o
 44. toolchain@g.o
8. GWN feedback
Please send us your feedback[46] and help make the GWN better. 
 46. gwn-feedback@g.o
9. GWN subscription information
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10. Other languages
The Gentoo Weekly Newsletter is also available in the following languages:
 * Danish[47]  
 * Dutch[48]  
 * English[49]  
 * German[50]  
 * French[51]  
 * Japanese[52]  
 * Italian[53]  
 * Polish[54]  
 * Portuguese (Brazil)[55]  
 * Portuguese (Portugal)[56]  
 * Russian[57]  
 * Spanish[58]  
 * Turkish[59]  
Ulrich Plate <plate@g.o> - Editor
Chris X Edwards <chris@×××.ch> - Author
Patrick Lauer <patrick@g.o> - Author
Michael Stewart <vericgar@g.o> - Author

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