Gentoo Archives: gentoo-user

From: Grant Edwards <grant.b.edwards@×××××.com>
To: gentoo-user@l.g.o
Subject: [gentoo-user] Re: Can't find init due to inconsistent drive order
Date: Tue, 02 Jul 2013 14:23:49
Message-Id: kqunoe$ubb$
In Reply to: [gentoo-user] Can't find init due to inconsistent drive order by Grant Edwards
1 On 2013-07-01, Grant Edwards <grant.b.edwards@×××××.com> wrote:
3 > I've just recently run into a problem where sometimes when a machine
4 > boots, the kernel can't find init. This appears to be because my grub
5 > configuration line says "root=/dev/sda5" and _sometimes_ the drive
6 > that contains my root partition is sdb instead of sda. AFAICT, for the
7 > past 30 years the linux kernel was 100% consistent in the order that
8 > hard drives were labelled -- but recently that has seems to have
9 > changed.
11 I still haven't figured out why my drives suddenly started getting
12 discovered in varying orders. I think that the SATA drives are always
13 in the same order with respect to each other, but sometimes the
14 external firewire drive gets discovered before the SATA drives and
15 sometimes after the SATA drives.
17 It looks like my options are:
19 1) Keep hitting the reset button until it works.
21 2) Unplug or power down the firewire drive when booting.
23 3) Set up an initrd for the sole purpose of finding the actual root
24 parition via filesystem label. [I find this idea rather offensive.]
26 4) Build the firewire drive as a module instead of building it into
27 the kernel. That would delay the discovery of the firewire drive
28 until after root has been mounted.
30 5) For the drive with the root parition on it switch from a DOS
31 parition table to a GPT partition table and use the
32 root=PARTUUID=<whatever> kernel option.
34 6) Fix the kernel so it can find root by looking at filesystem
35 labels.
37 Number 6 (fixing the kernel) is The Right Thing To Do(tm), but it's a
38 bit out of scope for the momement. The "early code" in the kernel
39 obviously knows how to read partition tables and also knows about the
40 relevent file system, so I'm a bit baffled why it can't look at the
41 file system label.
43 Changing the firewire driver to be a module is probably the simplest
44 solution, but it's a kludgy work-around for what is, in my opinion, a
45 kernel bug: if you are going to require people to specify an absolute
46 disk drive index for the root partition, then you'd better index
47 drives in a consistent order from one boot to the next.
49 Switching to a GPT partition table sounds like the cleanest solution,
50 but I need to figure out if the grub (legacy) ebuild includes GPT
51 support or not. I know it's supported by grub2, but I don't really
52 feel like switching to grub2 ATM.
54 --
55 Grant Edwards grant.b.edwards Yow! But was he mature
56 at enough last night at the
57 lesbian masquerade?


Subject Author
Re: [gentoo-user] Re: Can't find init due to inconsistent drive order "Randolph Maaßen" <r.maassen60@×××××.com>
Re: [gentoo-user] Re: Can't find init due to inconsistent drive order Wang Xuerui <×××××.com>
Re: [gentoo-user] Re: Can't find init due to inconsistent drive order Daniel Frey <djqfrey@×××××.com>