Gentoo Archives: gentoo-user

From: Gregory Shearman <zekeyg@×××××.com>
To: gentoo-user@l.g.o
Subject: Re: [gentoo-user] genkernel 2 manual
Date: Tue, 23 Oct 2012 22:59:56
1 In linux.gentoo.user, you wrote:
2 >
3 > I've been using Gentoo for quite a long time, and today I decided to try
4 > compiling the kernel myself, Thing I've never done before. I want a smaller
5 > kernel, a faster boot (without initramfs) and, of course, some fun :).
7 Good for you. I've rolled my own kernels for around 15 years, but I
8 still use genkernel to build me an initramfs. I require the initramfs
9 because:
11 a) I've got my root filesystem on an LVM partition.
13 b) I've got my /usr directory on a separate partition. This is not a
14 problem, yet, but the udev update is coming!
16 c) I like a fancy boot splash screen during early boot.
18 I'm not that fond of using genkernel to build my initramfs, but it
19 works. I'll probably switch to dracut when it becomes more stable.
21 > I'm still reading the oficial documentation, but I don't think it will be
22 > enough, so, if anyone of you know some documentation more detailed, I'd
23 > appreciate reading it.
25 What do you mean by "official documentation"? Do you include the
26 information in the Documentation directory in your latest kernel?
28 Have you tried:
30 $make menuconfig
32 This gives you a good interface for configuring your kernel. If you hit
33 "/" you'll get a search function and there are "help" options for just
34 about every feature you want to include in your new kernel.
36 > I've just ran 'make xconfig', and I noticed that the configuration is the
37 > same from genkernel (genkernel --menuconfig). Is it good? Should I get an
38 > original .conf, with less garbage, or this is just the 'normal default'
39 > instead of 'genkernel default' as I'm guessing?
41 I usually start from scratch with a new machine, but in your case you
42 should be able to use your old genkernel .config file and then pare it
43 down to what you require ie what works.
45 > Is there any tool that can scan my pc and help me out with the .conf or
46 > even generate one? I guess not. There are lots of options that I have no
47 > idea what they are for. I think this will be the fun part, but I think I
48 > can't get a running kernel before I optimize it, so I can do it gradually.
50 I have had reasonable success with "lshw" (sys-apps/lshw). It generates
51 a list of the hardware on your machine. Unfortanately it won't produce a
52 .config file for you.
54 One option that makes subsequent kernels easier to produce is:
58 Kernel .config support
60 This feature provides copy of your current Kernel's .config file at
61 /proc/config.gz which you can then extract and use on your new kernel by
62 doing:
64 $ zcat /proc/config.gz > <new-kernel-directory>/.config
65 $ cd <new-kernel-directory>
66 $ make oldconfig
68 > Just for curiosity, what is the size of your kernel? Mine is 3.4 MB.
70 3.7MB
72 Yep.. it's bigger than your genkernel generated kernel... 8-)
74 Remember, the first kernel you produce on your own will take a bit of
75 effort, but subsequent kernels are easy.
77 --
78 Regards,
79 Gregory.