Gentoo Archives: gentoo-user

From: Jeremi Piotrowski <jeremi.piotrowski@×××××.com>
To: gentoo-user@l.g.o
Subject: Re: [gentoo-user] Making sense of reported ZFS disk usage
Date: Sat, 31 Oct 2015 14:25:24
Message-Id: 20151031142507.GA9723@fedora-tp.localdomain
In Reply to: [gentoo-user] Making sense of reported ZFS disk usage by Remy Blank
On Sat, Oct 31, 2015 at 10:37:55AM +0100, Remy Blank wrote:
> I'm trying to make sense of the disk usage reported by "zfs list". > Here's what I get: > > $ zfs list \ > -o name,used,avail,refer,usedbydataset,usedbychildren,usedbysnapshots \ > -t all > > NAME USED AVAIL REFER USEDDS USEDCHILD USEDSNAP > pool/data 58.0G 718G 46.7G 46.7G 0 11.3G > pool/data@2015-10-03 0 - 46.5G - - - > ... > pool/data@2015-10-12 0 - 46.5G - - - > pool/data@2015-10-13 734M - 46.7G - - - > pool/data@2015-10-14 0 - 46.7G - - - > ... > pool/data@2015-10-28 0 - 46.7G - - - > pool/data@2015-10-29 755M - 46.7G - - - > pool/data@2015-10-30 757M - 46.7G - - - > pool/data@2015-10-31 0 - 46.7G - - - > > What I don't understand: I have 29 snapshots, only three of them use > ~750M, but in total they take 11.3G. Where do the excess 9.1G come from? >
I'm going to go out on a limb and assume that zfs works in a similar way to btrfs here (my quick googling shows that atleast in this case that may be true). You then have to understand the numbers in the following way: USEDSNAP refers to _data_ that is not in pool/data but in the snapshots. The value for USED is _data_ that is only present in *this one* snapshot, and not in any other snapshots or in pool/data. _data_ that is shared between atleast two snapshots is not shown as USED because removing one of the snapshots would not free it (it is still referenced by another snapshot). So in your case you have 3 snapshots which each have 750 MB exclusively, and the remaining ~9 GB is in some way shared between all snapshots. So if you were to delete any one of the 3 snapshots, you would free 750 MB. If you were to delete all snapshots you would free 11.3 GB. But deleting any one snapshot can change the USED count of any other snapshot. This is one of the problems with copy-on-write filesystems - they make disk space accounting more complicated especially with snapshots. Perhaps zfs has something similar to btrfs qgroups which would allow you to group snapshots in arbitrary ways to find out how much any group of snapshots uses. Here's the example output of 'btrfs qgroup show' on my machine: qgroupid rfer excl parent child -------- ---- ---- ------ ----- 0/5 0.00GiB 0.00GiB --- --- 0/262 6.37GiB 0.03GiB --- --- 0/265 3.52GiB 2.38GiB 1/0 --- 0/270 6.38GiB 0.16GiB --- --- 0/275 0.00GiB 0.00GiB --- --- 0/276 4.38GiB 0.35GiB 1/0 --- 0/277 0.00GiB 0.00GiB --- --- 0/278 4.98GiB 0.40GiB 1/1 --- 0/279 4.62GiB 0.12GiB 1/0 --- 0/285 5.59GiB 0.01GiB 1/0 --- 0/286 5.69GiB 0.01GiB 1/0 --- 0/289 6.34GiB 0.42GiB 1/1 --- 0/290 6.35GiB 0.01GiB 1/0 --- 0/291 6.38GiB 0.15GiB 1/1 --- 1/0 10.02GiB 3.68GiB --- 0/265,0/276,0/279,0/285,0/286,0/290 1/1 7.20GiB 0.98GiB --- 0/278,0/289,0/291 0/262 is / 0/270 is /home 1/0 contains all snapshots of / 1/1 contains all snapshots of /home but I could also have grouped a subgroup of the snapshots in some other way to find out how much space they take exclusively and how much space they would free if they were to be deleted.

Replies

Subject Author
Re: [gentoo-user] Making sense of reported ZFS disk usage Rich Freeman <rich0@g.o>
[gentoo-user] Re: Making sense of reported ZFS disk usage Remy Blank <remy.blank@×××××.com>